Top 10 Application Development Trends for 2022–23
As the cloud becomes even more central to enterprise infrastructure, every task and process will be “app-ified.” web-based applications allow companies to complete critical activities with ease and flexibility not possible in traditional software solutions. It also allows solutions vendors to benefit from productizing their capabilities and find new revenue streams. As this trend continues to grow in 2022–23, there are ten levers to watch:
1. Every team will be a DevOps team
Software applications no longer follow a set-and-forget delivery model. Instead, they need constant updates, both to protect from emerging security risks as well as to keep up with the competition. To maintain this rapid pace of delivery without compromising on quality, every team will adopt a DevOps approach. It necessitates new skills and hiring for new roles equipped with agile methodologies.
2. Security by design and default
To ensure safe app experiences, developers and vendors must consider security and privacy concerns at every stage of the SDLC. It means paying attention to both CyberSecurity by Design and CyberSecurity by Default. The latter will be most relevant for AI and ML applications, which require substantial amounts of training data involving a large attack surface. On the other hand, security by design will equip users with more features to ensure privacy.
3. 5G and WiFi 6 readiness
Wireless networks have risen dramatically in prominence during the pandemic. WFH and hybrid work have compelled a massive portion of the professional workforce to rely on cellular and other forms of wireless connectivity. While hardware manufacturers are incorporating 5G standards into their products, software solution vendors lag. In 2022–23, we will see the launch of new apps aligned to benefit from these technologies.
4. dApps to go mainstream
Decentralized applications, or dApps, are another top trend for 2022–23, primarily owing to the popularity of the blockchain and the metaverse. These new Web 3.0 requirements require reimagined software services with a different architectural core. As a result, developers must rapidly upskill and reskill to meet demand.
5. Commerce based on mobile apps
While e-commerce was primarily based on desktop applications once upon a time, the world has shifted to mobile. It is valid for both consumer apps and enterprise shared services and app marketplaces, primarily as remote workers are much more likely to rely on their phones than when in the office. As a result, mobile app developers must prepare for high traffic volumes and streamline the user experience to engage with users at every learning curve stage.
6. Applications for IoT and smart cities
The next application development trend to note in this period is the prolificity of edge devices — across our personal lives, corporate environments, industries, and public spaces. As a result, apps for IoT will require a significant overhaul in terms of architecture so that they can process high volumes of unstructured data with ease and low latency. In addition, app developers may have to work with device manufacturers to ensure compliance and interoperability.
7. Low or No code and app development democratization
As virtually everything becomes “app-ified,” it is only a matter of time until low code is the standard development model. Solutions like Microsoft Power Apps already accelerate the development of sophisticated tools, empowering the citizen developer as a No Code platform. However, it will also intensify the pressure and competition for app vendors, as they must now compete with a broader pool of contenders, be ServiceNow or Appian. Low-code development tools have been on the rise since 2014. Some of the providers like Outsystems and Zoho Creator are giving large enterprises and SMEs, respectively, agility and speed for the digital business. While they offer business leaders and other professionals the chance to build enterprise-level applications and workflows without requiring previous coding or software development knowledge, unfortunately, this is only true for forms and reports activities. Most low-code applications propagate a native language or allow custom coding languages development; otherwise, users work in a visually intuitive environment, building their applications through a combination of drag-and-drop interfaces and other features.
The decision to go Low code and No code will be driven by systems specific set of needs and expectations, where the expectations are defined around architecture, compliance and maintenance; the decision will be to go to Low Code, and if the requirements are largely for short term needs, cost or speed is the issue No Code will be the way to go.
8. Progressive web apps (PWAs) as the mobile default
Progressive web apps or PWAs offer the perfect combination between the convenience of browser-based experiences and the prowess of a natively installed app. As the mobile user base grows, PWAs will be in high demand. Indeed, companies delivering seamless PWA solutions will have the edge over the competition — for example, through a 36% increase in conversion rates. Going forward, legacy mobile apps requiring redevelopment or legacy systems requiring mobile front end will adopt the PWA approach as it offers: Progressive web apps do not require any updates.
- PWA apps are easy to load on the smartphone. They do not be available in storefronts or play stores.
- No need to create separate apps for Android, iOS, and other platforms. PWA applications save money and time as developers do not rebuild apps for different platforms.
- Users do not need to access the Internet to read content or posts already browsed earlier. With PWA, all previously opened posts are stored on the device.
9. Embedded artificial intelligence
As computing power becomes more accessible and affordable, users expect intuitive and almost predictive experiences in every sphere of their digital lives. From predictive search in Google to automated recommendations on Netflix and predictive text completion on email — all these features rely on artificial intelligence (AI). However, in 2022–23, there will be no distinct AI company; all apps must embrace embedded AI to succeed.
10. Cloud, containerization, and open source
Finally, the next two years will see a new developer empowerment and autonomy era. Just as low code solutions provide those with limited technical knowledge the tools to build apps, there are growing solutions for advanced developers. It is likely that, as in the past, going forward, new cloud tools will power innovative features, containerization will speed testing, and open source will lower costs.
Suffice it to say, the future of application development looks bullish, and there is no excuse not to deliver on the promise of seamless, value-adding experiences in every industry and vertical. These ten trends will provide new avenues for growth for developers while keeping cybersecurity and user privacy requirements in an increasingly connected world.
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